Peugeot 505. More Detail Information
The Peugeot 505 was a full-size automobile produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot from 1978 to 1992.
The 505 was the replacement for the Peugeot 504, and was available in sedan/saloon and station wagon/estate body styles, with the Family Estate model featuring 8-seats. The styling was similar to the 504. It is known as the "Work Horse" of Africa today. It is a very popular car in many African countries.
The 505 was praised by contemporary journalists for its ride and handling, especially on rough and unmade roads; perhaps one reason for its popularity in less developed countries. The 505 also had good ground clearance; in the 1980s, Dangel made a four wheel drive version of the 505 estate equipped with either the intercooled turbo diesel 110 hp (81 kW) engine or the 130 hp 2.2 L petrol (96 kW) engine. The four wheel drive 505 also had shorter gear ratios.
The range was given a facelift, including an all new interior, in 1989, but European Peugeot 505 production began to wind down following the launch of the smaller Peugeot 405 at the end of 1987, and ended in 1992, some time after the introduction of the larger Peugeot 605, although the car is still manufactured in Africa.
In some countries such as France and Germany, the 505 estate was used as an ambulance, a funeral car, police car, military vehicle and as a road maintenance vehicle. There were prototypes of 505 coupés and 505 trucks, and in France many people have modified 505s into pickup trucks themselves. The 505 was one of the last Peugeot models to be sold in the United States, with sales ending there in 1991. Both the sedan (saloon) and station wagon (estate) remain popular in Africa, where they are still locally assembled, and are used as long-distance bush taxis. 505s were also sold in Australia, China, and New Zealand. In New York City, Peugeot 505s were used as taxicabs. The car is also widely used in Africa. It was meant to replace its predecessor the 504.
The car was rear wheel drive, with longitudinally mounted engines. The suspension system consisted of McPherson struts and coil springs at the front and semi-trailing arms with coil springs and panhard rod at the rear. The car used disc brakes at the front, and either disc brakes or drum brakes at the rear, depending on the model. The steering was a rack and pinion system, which was power assisted on most models.
The family estate, with its third row of bench seats (giving a total of 8 seats), was popular with larger families and used as a taxi, and was a rival for the Renault 21 Savanna, and for the then new class of MPV/Minivan vehicles such as the Renault Espace. The two rows of rear seats could be folded to give a completely flat load area, with 1.94 cubic meters of load capacity. The total load carrying capacity is 590kg.
A range of diesel and petrol engines were offered.
The diesel engines were all 4-cylinder:
The petrol engines had either 4 cylinders or 6 cylinders:
505 models varied very much in specifications. Base SRD cars with the 2304 cc diesel engine didn't even have power steering, but the GTD Turbo, the GTI, the V6 and the TI all had power steering, central locking doors, air conditioning, a 5-speed manual transmission, moon roof (except the GTD Turbo), and front fog lights. In the V6, the power steering was speed sensitive, the central locking doors came with an infrared remote, and the heating and ventilation systems included climate control. A 3-speed automatic transmission was available on early 505s, which was later replaced a 4-speed unit. The most durable 505 model proved to be the GTD with a 5-speed manual transmission. In Australia, the 505 was sold as a GR, SR or GTI sedan, or an SR or GTI 8-seater station wagon, all with petrol engines. Very few GRD and SRD diesel engined 505's were sold in Australia. The model update saw the SR replaced with an SLi.