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Peugeot 505. More Detail Information

Peugeot 505
Manufacturer:
Peugeot
Production:
1978-1992
Body Styles:
FR full-size sedan
Station Wagon
Dimension:
Length 45800mm
Height 1450mm
Width 1720mm
Weight:
1210 to 1380kg
Predecessors:
Peugeot 504
Successors:
Peugeot 405
Peugeot 605
Competitors:
saloon:
Ford Granada
Renault 25
estate:
Renault 21 Savanna
Renault Espace

The Peugeot 505 was a full-size automobile produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot from 1978 to 1992.

Peugeot 505History

The 505 was the replacement for the Peugeot 504, and was available in sedan/saloon and station wagon/estate body styles, with the Family Estate model featuring 8-seats. The styling was similar to the 504. It is known as the "Work Horse" of Africa today. It is a very popular car in many African countries.

The 505 was praised by contemporary journalists for its ride and handling, especially on rough and unmade roads; perhaps one reason for its popularity in less developed countries. The 505 also had good ground clearance; in the 1980s, Dangel made a four wheel drive version of the 505 estate equipped with either the intercooled turbo diesel 110 hp (81 kW) engine or the 130 hp 2.2 L petrol (96 kW) engine. The four wheel drive 505 also had shorter gear ratios.

The range was given a facelift, including an all new interior, in 1989, but European Peugeot 505 production began to wind down following the launch of the smaller Peugeot 405 at the end of 1987, and ended in 1992, some time after the introduction of the larger Peugeot 605, although the car is still manufactured in Africa.

In some countries such as France and Germany, the 505 estate was used as an ambulance, a funeral car, police car, military vehicle and as a road maintenance vehicle. There were prototypes of 505 coupés and 505 trucks, and in France many people have modified 505s into pickup trucks themselves. The 505 was one of the last Peugeot models to be sold in the United States, with sales ending there in 1991. Both the sedan (saloon) and station wagon (estate) remain popular in Africa, where they are still locally assembled, and are used as long-distance bush taxis. 505s were also sold in Australia, China, and New Zealand. In New York City, Peugeot 505s were used as taxicabs. The car is also widely used in Africa. It was meant to replace its predecessor the 504.

Mechanical Configuration

The car was rear wheel drive, with longitudinally mounted engines. The suspension system consisted of McPherson struts and coil springs at the front and semi-trailing arms with coil springs and panhard rod at the rear. The car used disc brakes at the front, and either disc brakes or drum brakes at the rear, depending on the model. The steering was a rack and pinion system, which was power assisted on most models.

Family Estate

The family estate, with its third row of bench seats (giving a total of 8 seats), was popular with larger families and used as a taxi, and was a rival for the Renault 21 Savanna, and for the then new class of MPV/Minivan vehicles such as the Renault Espace. The two rows of rear seats could be folded to give a completely flat load area, with 1.94 cubic meters of load capacity. The total load carrying capacity is 590kg.

Engines

A range of diesel and petrol engines were offered.

The diesel engines were all 4-cylinder:

  • 2304cc "XD2C" engine (70 hp (49 kW)) from the Peugeot 504 was used on early models, and was supplied by Peugeot to Ford for their Sierra model.
  • 2304cc "XD2S" turbocharged engine that produced 80 hp (60 kW)
  • 2498cc "XD3T" turbocharged engine that produced 95 hp (70 kW) was used on 1985 and newer models.
  • 2498cc "XD3T" turbocharged diesel engine with 108 hp (79 kW) with a turbocharger, intercooler, and electronic fuel injection was introduced in 1987.

The petrol engines had either 4 cylinders or 6 cylinders:

  • 1796cc 4-cylinder "XM7A" engine
  • 1971cc 4-cylinder "XN1/XN1A" engine had 96 hp (71 kW)
  • 1995cc 4-cylinder ZEJK "Douvrin" engine (OHC, Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection) had 110 hp (81 kW) - co-developed by Peugeot and Renault.
  • 2165cc 4-cylinder ZDJK "Douvrin" engine (OHC, Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection) used on pre-1986 models. This was a longer stroke version of the "ZEJK" engine.
  • 2165cc 4-cylinder ZDJL "Douvrin" engine (OHC, Bosch L-Jetronic fuel injection, Compression ratio: (9.8:1) ) with 130 hp (96 kW) was used on 505 GTI models.
  • 2165cc turbocharged "N9T" engine producing 142 hp
  • 2165cc intercooled, turbocharged "N9TE" engine producing 150 hp (111 kW)
  • 2165cc intercooled, turbocharged "N9TEA" engine producing 160 hp (119 kW). 180 hp / 134 kW in 505 saloons. This motor was equipped with an electronic boost controller.
  • 2849cc 6-cylinder (V6) engine ("ZN3J", a version of the PRV engine) with 170 hp (125 kW) was used on 505 V6 models.

Peugeot 505Specifications

505 models varied very much in specifications. Base SRD cars with the 2304 cc diesel engine didn't even have power steering, but the GTD Turbo, the GTI, the V6 and the TI all had power steering, central locking doors, air conditioning, a 5-speed manual transmission, moon roof (except the GTD Turbo), and front fog lights. In the V6, the power steering was speed sensitive, the central locking doors came with an infrared remote, and the heating and ventilation systems included climate control. A 3-speed automatic transmission was available on early 505s, which was later replaced a 4-speed unit. The most durable 505 model proved to be the GTD with a 5-speed manual transmission. In Australia, the 505 was sold as a GR, SR or GTI sedan, or an SR or GTI 8-seater station wagon, all with petrol engines. Very few GRD and SRD diesel engined 505's were sold in Australia. The model update saw the SR replaced with an SLi.
 


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